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Les Vins de Bourgogne - La Cote de Beaune: Larmat, 1953

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  • Title: Les Vins de Bourgogne - La Cote de Beaune
  • Author: Louis Larmat 
  • Date: 1953
  • Condition: Very good - marginal staining at top of folds
  • Inches: 31 x 11 [Image]
  • Centimeters: 78.74 x 27.94 [Image]
  • Product ID: 308235

The Capital of French Chardonnay, Burgundy Wine Map

Map of one of the principal wine growing regions in France from Les Vins De Bourgogne.  The map shows the appellations controllées (AOC) of the predominantly white wine growing area of the Côte de Beaune. The individual vineyards/vignobles are named and delineated, including the following Appellations de Grand Crus: Bâtard-Montrachet, Bienvenues-Bâtard-Montrachet, Charlemagne, Chevalier-Montrachet, Corton, Corton-Charlemagne, Criots-Bâtard-Montrachet, Montrachet. The appellations communales, and the appellation "Vins fins de la Côte de Nuits" are also marked and delineated. The colors indicate the designation of the classification of wine; pink areas show 1ère Classe, yellow is 2ème Classe and Green 3ème Classe. The following appellations communal/communes/villages are marked: Aloxe-Corton, Chassagne-Montrachet, Ladoix-Serrigny, Pernand-Vergelesses, Puligny-Montrachet, Chorey-les-Beaune, Savigny-les-Beaune, Beaune, Pommard, Volnay, Monthélie, Meursault, St Romain, Auxey-Duresses, Blagny, Saint-Aubin, Santenay, Dezize-les-Maranges, Sampigny-les-Maranges, Cheilly-les-Maranges.

Between Ladoix-Serrigny and the hillsides of the Maranges, the Côte de Beaune winegrowing region covers 12 miles from north to south. Facing the morning sun, these vineyards are never more than a few hundred meters wide, yet they produce red and white wines that are internationally renowned. Their reputation also extends to the town of Beaune, an historical center where you can discover all the secrets

of the Bourgogne winegrowing region. A little farther to the west, behind the Côte de Beaune, the vines flourish on a gently concave plateau, 400 meters above sea level. This is the Hautes Côtes de Beaune. On the sunniest slopes, around 20 communes produce lively and accessible wines from the Bourgogne Hautes Côtes de Beaune appellation. The map is lovely and quite detailed, showing rivers, canals, forests, towns, villages, roads, and chateau.  Elevation on the detailed maps in hachure. 

From Rome to France, Burgundy Wine History

In the year 52BC, after their conquest of Gaul, the Romans founded the town of Autun and brought vines to the region to slake the Gauls’ growing thirst for wine, which had previously been imported. Winegrowing began to take off, and the first record of its existence dates back to the fourth century AD. In the Middle Ages, after the fall of the Roman Empire, the two monastic orders of Cîteaux and Cluny really helped spread vine cultivation. Through their work, they helped the region take off and contributed largely to the wines’ growing reputation.

During the Middle Ages, the understanding of winemaking continued to grow. In Bourgogne, people gradually worked out which were the best terroirs upon which to make wine. And this is how the nobles came to plant their vines on the hillsides around Beaune.

However, in the fifth century, the Barbarian invasions brought about the fall of the Roman Empire. Then, with the rise of Christianity, the Bourgogne region saw growth in abbeys and monasteries. Cluny was founded in 909 and Cîteaux in 1098. The monks combined prayer and labor, developing their farming activity, which rapidly came to include the cultivation of vines. The vines then became the property of the Cistercian and Cluniac monks, who were largely responsible for the popularity of Bourgogne.

Famous for its prestigious Climats, classified as Premier and Grand Crus, Bourgogne also offers some delightful Village and Régionale appellations.  The vineyards of Bourgogne produce some great wines with a historical and international reputation. However, the region is not simply limited to its iconic appellations. In addition to its Village Premier Cru and Grand Cru AOCs, it also produces a range of wonderful Régionale and Village appellations to explore.

The Climats of Bourgogne were included on the UNESCO World Heritage List on 4 July 2015. This inclusion involves not only the main players in the Bourgogne wine trade, but everyone who is passionate about this unique winegrowing area. This inclusion allows international recognition for this unique location, but above that, it aims to promote the Climats and preserve this unique, 2000-year-old cultural heritage for future generations.

It is safe to presume that as long as wine is enjoyed, the visual story of wine growing will continue to have great appeal.

Reference:  Vins de Bourgogne, Bourgogne-wines.com