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Texas: Flemming 1854

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  • Author: C. Flemming
  • Date: 1854
  • Medium: Hand-colored steel engraving
  • Condition: Very Good Plus
  • Inches: 13.5 x 16.5 [Image]
  • Centimeters: 34.3 x 41.9 [Image]
  • Product ID: 102226

This map depicts Texas shortly after it was admitted as a state in 1845. Flemming's map of Texas is often called the "German Arrowsmith" map, from which it derives its cartography. It is certainly one of, if not the most, detailed maps of Texas printed before the Civil War. The map is especially strong in identifying early roads, rivers, towns, and forts, often not shown on other contemporary maps of Texas.

Eastern Texas is divided into 30 numbered counties, while all major towns, rivers, and roads are depicted with impressive accuracy. In the lower-left corner is an inset map detailing Galveston Bay. Texas's important port. The panhandle is divided into 12 sections. West Texas is shown to be only very sparsely settled, while the state's modern western borders are demarcated, albeit with some inaccuracies, as the area had yet to be scientifically surveyed. One of the first maps of Texas to eliminate the 'Stovepipe', it having been ceded to the Federal government in exchange for Washington paying off the massive debts that the Lone Star Republic accrued during its War of Independence.

The map was published by Carl Flemming (1806-1878), a German publisher based in Glogau, Silesia, who had earlier published a map of Texas while it was an independent republic. Flemming's map was one of the many works on Texas issued in Germany, where interest in the region was high, owing to the significant German emigration and settlement there.